How's your FICO Score?
Since we live in an automated society, it should come as no surprise that your ability to repay your mortgage loan boils down to just one number.
Credit reporting agencies use your history of paying loans in order to build a FICO score.
The three reporting agencies use slightly different formulas to build a credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, all of the agencies use the following to calculate your credit score:
- Credit History - How many years have you had credit?
- Late Payments - Do you have any payments later than 30 days?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many accounts do you have? How much do you owe on your accounts?
- Requests for Credit - How many times have lenders pulled your credit for the purpose of lending you money?
These factors are weighted differently depending on which formula the agency uses. The result is a single number: your FICO score. Credit scores range from 300 to 800. Higher scores are better. Most home buyers in the current environment have a score above 620.
Not just for qualifying
Did you know? Credit scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Raising your credit score
How can you improve your credit score? So called "credit repair" companies advertise quick fixes, but the score is based on your lifetime credit history, so you can't turn it around right away. (Of course you can and should have incorrect items removed from your credit report.)
How do I find out my credit score?
To raise your credit score, you must get the credit reports that are used to build it, and of course, you need the score itself. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score as well as credit reports from all three credit reporting agencies. Also available are helpful information and online tools that can help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a free credit report once per year from the three major agencies when you visit AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting one is fast and inexpensive.
Now that you have all the facts, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the most favorable mortgage.
Curious about credit scores? Give us a call: 610-565-3600.