Scoring your Credit - How's your FICO?
Since we live in an automated society, it should come as no surprise that your ability to repay your mortgage boils down to just one number.
The years of paying your various bills: your mortgage, car payments, and credit card bills can be analyzed, sliced, spindled and mutilated into a single indicator of whether you're likely to meet your future obligations.
Equifax, TransUnion, and Experian, the three major credit reporting agencies, each have a proprietary formula for building a credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While these methods vary from one agency to another, all of the agencies use the following to build your score:
- Your Credit History - How many years have you had credit?
- Payment History - Do you have any payments later than 30 days?
- Your Credit Card Balances - How many accounts do you have? How much do you owe on your accounts?
- Requests for Credit - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
These factors are weighted slightly differently depending on the formula being used. The result is one number. Credit scores range from 300 to 800. Higher scores are better. Typical home buyers will probably find their scores between 620 and 800.
Not just for qualifying
Credit scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Higher scores indicate you are probably a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Can I raise my credit score?
Unfortunately, there isn't a lot you can do to immediately improve your credit score. So called "credit repair" companies advertise quick fixes, but the FICO score is formulated from your lifelong credit history, so you can't turn it around right away. (Of course you can and should have incorrect items removed from your credit report.)
Getting your credit score
To improve your credit score, you've got to have the reports that are used to build it. Of course, you need the score as well. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. It's inexpensive to get your FICO from all three agencies, along with your credit report. Also available are information and tools that can help you understand how to improve your credit score.
You can get a free credit report once a year from the three major credit reporting agencies at AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting one is fast and very inexpensive.
Armed with this information, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the right mortgage for you.
Want to know more about your credit score? Call us at 610-565-3600.