Debt Ratios for Residential Lending
Lenders use a ratio called "debt to income" to determine the most you can pay monthly after you have paid your other monthly debts.
About the qualifying ratio
Typically, conventional mortgage loans need a qualifying ratio of 28/36. FHA loans are less restrictive, requiring a 29/41 ratio.
The first number is how much (by percent) of your gross monthly income that can be spent on housing. This ratio is figured on your total payment, including homeowners' insurance, homeowners' dues, Private Mortgage Insurance - everything.
The second number in the ratio is what percent of your gross income every month which can be spent on housing costs and recurring debt together. Recurring debt includes things like vehicle loans, child support and monthly credit card payments.
- Gross monthly income of $6,500 x .28 = $1,820 can be applied to housing
- Gross monthly income of $6,500 x .36 = $2,340 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses
With a 29/41 (FHA) qualifying ratio
- Gross monthly income of $6,500 x .29 = $1,885 can be applied to housing
- Gross monthly income of $6,500 x .41 = $2,665 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses
If you'd like to calculate pre-qualification numbers on your own income and expenses, please use this Loan Qualifying Calculator.
Remember these are only guidelines. We'd be happy to pre-qualify you to help you figure out how much you can afford.
Curtis Mortgage LLC can answer questions about these ratios and many others. Give us a call at 610-565-3600.